HSBC opened for business in Hong Kong and Shanghai in 1865. Since then, the world has witnessed many periods of political and economic turbulence but HSBC has grown and thrived, thanks to its ability to adapt. We constantly reassess how we can best serve our customers in meeting the challenges and opportunities of the times in which we live.
Today, a great shift in the world economy is well underway. Economic power is moving east and south. Of the world’s top 30 economies, we expect those in Asia, the Middle East and Africa to grow about threefold by 2050. Economic growth in the world’s fast-growing economies is bringing millions of people into the global middle class, especially in Asia.
At the same time, patterns of trade are changing. In the future, faster-growing economies will account for an increasing share of the total of world trade. A significant proportion of this new commerce will be “South-South” trade among faster-growing regions – a modern resurgence of the old Silk Road.
We have a strong capital base, deep expertise in many fields of banking, and an unrivalled international network
As this shift gathers pace, HSBC is well placed to help businesses and individuals seize the opportunities. We have a strong capital base, deep expertise in many fields of banking, and an unrivalled international network with a presence in the world’s major developed and faster-growing markets. We aim to be recognised as the world’s leading and most respected international bank.
Financing trade has always been at the heart of our business. Our earliest customers were merchants looking to fund their trade in goods such as tea, cotton and silk. HSBC’s distinct capabilities are due in no small part to the strong relationships we build and our long-term vision. Some of the clients we serve today have been banking with us for more than a century, drawing on our services to do business in countries all over the world.
Since 2011 we have transformed HSBC to ensure it has a strong and sustainable business model that best serves our customers now and for the future. At our Investor Update in June 2015, we outlined plans to further reshape our business to capture future growth opportunities and adapt to structural changes in the operating environment. We are implementing a series of strategic actions that include reducing risk-weighted assets, reducing costs, leveraging our international network and capturing growth opportunities in Asia.
Our commitment to traditional banking principles has served us well and will continue to do so. We have created a business that is diversified by customer group and by geography. We have put strong retail deposits at the heart of our strategy, avoiding reliance on the wholesale markets. The ratio of customer advances to deposits remains well below our chosen ceiling of 90 per cent.
We believe that the way we behave is central to our business. It determines whether we can attract and retain customers, nurture the best employees, meet the expectations of regulators, and retain the confidence and support of our owners, our customers and the communities in which we operate. Our financial position and our values have helped us to navigate financial crises and economic uncertainty while maintaining a strong capital ratio.
We are working to ensure that our operations meet the highest standards throughout our global businesses and we are driving a change in culture in our business so that our conduct matches our values. We expect all of our employees to act with courageous integrity and to be dependable, open to different ideas and cultures and connected to customers, communities, regulators and each other. These values form a key part of the performance review for everyone who works at HSBC.
We will continually strive to do the best for our customers, employees and investors, as well as providing a worthwhile contribution to those communities we serve. Having spent more than 30 years of my own career with HSBC, I feel very proud of the bank’s strengths and heritage. Our prospects are strong and I have every confidence that we can build upon our solid foundations to help our customers and our people achieve their ambitions.