- Net income before tax for the year ended 31 December 2012 was MXN7,770m, an increase of MXN5,021m or 182.6% compared with MXN2,749m for 2011. Improved results were mainly driven by higher net interest income, reduced costs, and lower loan impairment charges, partially offset by lower other operating income.
- Net income for the year ended 31 December 2012 was MXN6,016m, an increase of MXN3,506m or 139.7% compared with MXN2,510m for 2011.
- Total operating income, net of loan impairment charges, for the year ended 31 December 2012 was MXN29,733m, an increase of MXN1,477m or 5.2% compared with MXN28,256m for 2011, mainly due to increased net interest income combined with lower loan impairment charges, partially offset by one-off gains recognised in 2011 resulting from the sale and leaseback of certain branches in the network and the sale of HSBC Afore.
- Loan impairment charges for the year ended 31 December 2012 were MXN4,677m, a decrease of MXN2,060m or 30.6% compared with MXN6,737m for 2011, reflecting the strategic reduction of the higher risk credit card portfolio, as well as improvements to both the collection and credit quality of the total portfolio.
- Administrative and personnel expenses were MXN22,005m, a decrease of MXN3,465m or 13.6% compared with MXN25,470m for 2011. Excluding the effect of restructuring charges, which were MXN1,175m lower than those incurred in 2011, the decrease would have been MXN2,290m or 9.6% compared with 2011 as a result of strict cost control and cost reduction strategies implemented since 2011.
- The cost efficiency ratio was 63.9% for the year ended 31 December 2012, compared with 72.8% for 2011.
- Net loans and advances to customers were MXN189.6bn at 31 December 2012, an increase of MXN12.9bn or 7.3% compared with MXN176.7bn at 31 December 2011. Total impaired loans as a percentage of gross loans and advances improved to 2.0% compared with 2.7% at 31 December 2011. The coverage ratio (allowance for loan losses divided by impaired loans) was 233.8% compared with 214.5% at 31 December 2011.
- At 31 December 2012, deposits were MXN295.3bn, a decrease of MXN2.1bn or 0.7% compared with MXN297.4bn at 31 December 2011.
- Return on equity was 12.4% for the year ended 31 December 2012 compared with 5.2% for 2011.
- At 31 December 2012, the bank’s total capital adequacy ratio was 14.5% and the tier 1 capital ratio was 11.6% compared with 15.3% and 11.7% respectively at 31 December 2011. On 30 January 2013, Grupo Financiero HSBC received a capital injection of US$400m from HSBC Holdings plc, its parent company, through HSBC Latin America Holdings (UK) Limited. In addition, on 31 January 2013 the bank issued US$120m of subordinated debt to HSBC Finance Netherlands.
- In the first quarter of 2012, the bank paid a dividend of MXN1,400m, representing MXN0.81 per share, and Grupo Financiero HSBC paid a dividend of MXN2,400m, representing MXN0.94 per share.
2011 results have been restated to reflect the Afore and the general insurance manufacturing businesses as discontinued operations.
HSBC Mexico S.A. (the bank) is a subsidiary of Grupo Financiero HSBC, S.A. de C.V.’s (Grupo Financiero HSBC) and is subject to supervision by the Mexican Banking and Securities Commission. The bank is required to file financial information on a quarterly basis (in this case for the quarter ended 31 December 2012) and this information is publicly available. Given that this information is available in the public domain, Grupo Financiero HSBC, S.A. de C.V. has elected to file this release. HSBC Seguros, S.A. de C.V. Grupo Financiero HSBC (HSBC Seguros) is Grupo Financiero HSBC’s insurance group.
Results are prepared in accordance with Mexican GAAP (Generally Accepted Accounting Principles).
Growth held up well in Mexico in 2012 led, in particular, by favourable industrial exports to the US. Enhanced competitiveness helped Mexican exports to gain a larger share of total US imports. Domestically, demand stayed largely unchanged, encouraged by labour reforms passed by the new administration. Despite the growth figures, inflation ended 2012 slightly below 4% and converging to the 3% inflation target pursued by Banco de Mexico.
For the year ended 31 December 2012, Grupo Financiero HSBC’s net income was MXN6,016m, an increase of MXN3,506m or 139.7% compared with 2011. Improved net income was mainly driven by a reduction in administrative and personnel expenses, lower loan impairment charges and higher net interest income, partially offset by lower other operating income.
Net interest income was MXN22,134m, an increase of MXN928m or 4.4% compared with 2011. Improved net interest income was due to higher average loan portfolio balances, mainly in commercial, payroll, personal and mortgage loans, coupled with higher average deposit balances, partially offset by lower spreads in credit cards, payroll and business banking loans.
Loan impairment charges were MXN4,677m, a decrease of MXN2,060m or 30.6% compared with 2011, reflecting the strategic reduction of the higher risk credit card portfolio, as well as improvements to both the collection and credit quality of the total portfolio following targeted sales campaigns and enhanced pre-screening of new customers. In April 2012, a change in the write-off policy for mortgage loans was implemented and generated a one-off increase in loan impairment charges of MXN659m.
Net fee income was MXN6,344m, an increase of MXN351m or 5.9% compared with 2011. The increase was mainly due to higher fees from equity and debt capital markets, trade services, payroll loans and cards transaction fees. In addition, customer loyalty scheme contracts were renegotiated and consequently the associated costs are now reported in fee expenses.
Trading income was MXN2,954m, a decrease of MXN309m or 9.5% compared with 2011. The decrease was impacted by the gain of MXN279m arising from the sale of one of Grupo Financiero HSBC’s equity investments in the first quarter of 2011.
Other operating income was MXN2,978m, a decrease of MXN1,553m or 34.3% compared with 2011. This decrease was impacted by one-off gains recognised in 2011 resulting from the sale and leaseback of certain branches in the network and the gain from the sale of HSBC Afore.
Administrative and personnel expenses were MXN22,005m, a decrease of MXN3,465m or 13.6% compared with 2011. Excluding the effect of restructuring charges, which were MXN1,175m lower than those incurred in 2011, the decrease would have been MXN2,290m or 9.6% compared with 2011. This decrease reflects cost reduction initiatives implemented in 2011 in both regional and local operations, such as reconfiguring the regional structures and other rationalisation programmes, and the write-off of intangible assets. At 31 December 2012, the number of full time employees was 17,518, a reduction of 1,403 or 7.4%, compared with 31 December 2011.
The cost efficiency ratio was 63.9% for the year ended 31 December 2012, compared with 72.8% for 2011.
The performance of non-banking subsidiaries continued to contribute positively to Grupo Financiero HSBC’s results, particularly HSBC Seguros, which reported net income before taxes of MXN2,324m for the year ended 31 December 2012, up 11.4% compared with 31 December 2011. The main driver for this growth was a reduction in the claims ratio for the Term Life Insurance product to 20.0% from 24.7% reported in 2011. In addition, the endowment insurance product reported a 25.6% rise in sales compared to 2011.
Net loans and advances to customers increased MXN12.9bn or 7.3% to MXN189.6bn at 31 December 2012 compared with 31 December 2011. This increase was mainly driven by growth in the performing consumer loan portfolio of 14.6%, primarily in payroll and personal loans, as well as an 8.5% and 8.1% growth in the performing government entities and the performing commercial loan portfolios respectively.
At 31 December 2012, total impaired loans decreased by 21.0% to MXN4.0bn compared with MXN5.1bn at 31 December 2011. The reduction in impaired loans is mainly as a result of lower mortgage loans, which includes an MXN0.8bn decrease relating to the change in write-off policy in April 2012. Impaired consumer loans increased 5.5% as a result of portfolio volume growth during the year. The total of impaired loans as a percentage of total loans and advances to customers improved to 2.0% compared with 2.7% at 31 December 2011.
Total loan loss allowances at 31 December 2012 were MXN9.4bn, a decrease of MXN1.5bn or 13.9% compared with 31 December 2011. The total coverage ratio (allowance for loan losses divided by impaired loans) was 233.8% at 31 December 2012 compared with 214.5% at 31 December 2011.
Total deposits were MXN295.3bn at 31 December 2012, a decrease of MXN2.1bn or 0.7% compared with 31 December 2011. Demand deposits increased 8.5% resulting from continued sales efforts and targeted promotions, while time deposits decreased 13.8%.
Assets under management in mutual funds increased 22.9% compared with 31 December 2011, as a result of marketing campaigns targeting Premier customers.
At 31 December 2012, the bank’s total capital adequacy ratio was 14.5% and the tier 1 capital ratio was 11.6% compared with 15.3% and 11.7% respectively at 31 December 2011. On 30 January 2013, Grupo Financiero HSBC received a capital injection of US$401m from HSBC Holdings plc, its parent company, through HSBC Latin America Holdings (UK) Limited. In addition, on 31 January 2013 the bank issued US$121m of subordinated debt to HSBC Finance Netherlands. On a pro-forma basis, these capital transactions would increase the bank’s total capital adequacy ratio and tier 1 capital ratio to 16.4% and 13.1% respectively. This investment will be used to support credit and lending growth across our global businesses and our ongoing programme to improve our physical and technology infrastructure in order to offer world class financial services to our customers. With this additional capital, HSBC reinforces its commitment to and confidence in Mexico.
In 2012, the bank paid a dividend of MXN1,400m representing MXN0.81 per share and Grupo Financiero HSBC paid a dividend of MXN2,400m representing MXN0.94 per share.
Retail Banking and Wealth Management (RBWM)
RBWM increased loan and deposit average balances by 8.6% and 7.1% respectively compared to 2011.
Personal and payroll loans reported strong growth compared to 2011, increasing average balances by 52.9% and 49.2% respectively, supported by a strategy focused on simplifying and improving the sales processes in all channels, and increasing sales productivity at branches. Additionally, auto loan volumes in our branch network increased 48.4% compared with 2011, mainly due to improved sales efforts.
Mortgage originations increased 64.3% compared with 2011, mainly due to increased focus of the branch network sales force.
New credit cards issued increased 45.5% compared to 2011. This is mainly due to targeted offers to incentivise use and increase portfolio balances. During the last quarter of 2012, these campaigns translated into increased monthly billing.
Assets under management in mutual funds increased 38.7% compared to 31 December 2011, as a result of marketing campaigns targeting Premier customers.
In addition, the individual life product "Vida Premier" was launched in the fourth quarter of 2012, which offers basic life coverage and includes terminal illness benefits.
Commercial Banking (CMB)
CMB grew loan and deposit average balances by 5.0% and 6.3% respectively compared to 2011.
Aligned to our strategy of becoming the leading international bank, total operating income for trade transactions increased 29.1% compared with 2011. Additionally, foreign exchange operations revenues increased 42.9% compared with 2011, mainly due to an increase in the cross-selling of our Global Banking products to our CMB customers.
During 2012, HSBC participated in a syndicated loan issuance and is currently acting as Joint Book runner for COMEX, which represents a landmark transaction for the segment in Mexico.
The small and medium enterprises segment reported 16.0% growth in its average loan portfolio compared with 2011, mainly due to increased balances in the Tarjeta HSBC Empresas credit portfolio.
Global Banking and Markets
Global Markets trading income decreased MXN309m compared with 2011. The decrease was impacted by a gain of MXN279m arising from the sale of one of the Grupo Financiero HSBC’s equity investments in the first quarter of 2011.
In Debt Capital Markets, Grupo Financiero HSBC maintained its status as one of the top five leading Mexican underwriters , placing and participating in bond issuances for a total transaction amount of MXN77,949m.
During 2012, in Equity Capital Markets, Grupo Financiero HSBC acted as Joint Bookrunner in respect of two Initial Public Offerings and one equity follow-on. These deals were allocated between Mexican and international investors. These deals represented landmark transactions for Grupo Financiero HSBC as they were its first lead roles in the region.
Global Banking continued to grow average balances in its credit and lending business and customer deposits, which increased 15.7% and 36.3% respectively compared with 2011. In addition, Global Banking trade services revenues increased MXN73m to MXN185m, up 65.1% compared to 2011.
The Project Finance Business performed strongly with an increase in fee income of MXN45m or 279.3% compared with the previous year.
Sale of HSBC general insurance manufacturing to AXA Group
On 6 March 2012, Grupo Financiero HSBC announced the agreement to sell a portfolio of general insurance assets and liabilities in Mexico with completion expected in 2013. Under the terms of this agreement, the purchasers will provide general insurance products to HSBC to sell to our retail customers. This long-term collaboration will broaden and strengthen the suite of general insurance products available to our customers.
Grupo Financiero HSBC 2012 financial results as reported to HSBC Holdings plc, our ultimate parent company, are prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS)
For the year ended 31 December 2012, on an IFRS basis, Grupo Financiero HSBC reported pre-tax profits of MXN9,060m, an increase of MXN1,082m or 13.6% compared with MXN7,978m in 2011.
The lower profit reported under Mexican GAAP is largely due to the use of the effective interest rate method under IFRS, lower expenses under IFRS recognised in respect of defined benefit pension plans as well as lower loan impairment charges under IFRS as a result of the different provisioning methodologies. A reconciliation and explanation between the Mexican GAAP and IFRS results is included with the financial statements of this document.
During 2012, HSBC Mexico won several honours, among them the Best Internet Banking in Mexico, awarded by Global Finance magazine and the Best Companies to Work 2012 in Gender Equity, for its equal opportunities initiative, policies and processes for attracting talent and professional growth.
In March, HSBC Mexico was selected by Great Place to Work Mexico within the 19 best companies to work for in the country with over 5,000 employees. The group also received the Inclusive Company "Gilberto Rincon Gallardo” award, given by the Ministry of Labor for its inclusive work practices towards vulnerable groups.
In May, HSBC Mexico was recognized by the magazine Expansion in the ranking Super Empresas 2012 (Super Companies 2012), in the category of companies with more than 3,000 employees.
In October, HSBC Mexico received the award Best Companies to Work in the Financial Sector 2012, given by Great Place to Work Institute after a thorough evaluation exercise of 34 financial groups, the ranking was published in the newspaper El Financiero.
In July 2012 HSBC Mexico paid a fine of MXN379m in respect of non-compliance with anti-money laundering systems and controls. Since 2009 HSBC Mexico management has committed significant additional resources to strengthen the firm's capabilities and to ensure compliance with local and international regulations in this regard, including actions such as: Stopping the purchase, sale and deposit of US Dollars, strengthening the internal control and Anti-Money Laundering departments, implementing a new organisational culture focused on the mitigation and management of risks, improving the reporting and detection systems of unusual transactions, and enforcing strict policies regarding knowing our customers. This is part of the HSBC Group's commitment to implementing the highest standards for compliance globally.
Grupo Financiero HSBC is one of the leading financial groups in Mexico with 1,040 branches, 6,490 ATMs and approximately 17,500 employees. For more information, visit www.hsbc.com.mx.
Grupo Financiero HSBC is a 99.99% directly owned subsidiary of HSBC Latin America Holdings (UK) Limited, which is a wholly owned subsidiary of HSBC Holdings plc, and a member of the HSBC Group. With around 6,900 offices in over 80 countries and territories in Europe, the Asia-Pacific region, North and Latin America, the Middle East and Africa and with assets of US$9,721bn at 30 September 2012, the HSBC Group is one of the world’s largest banking and financial services organisations.
Summary of key differences between Grupo Financiero HSBC’s results as reported under Mexican GAAP and IFRS
Valuation of defined benefit pensions and post-retirement healthcare benefits
Defined benefit pension costs and the present value of defined benefit obligations are calculated at the reporting date by the schemes’ actuaries using the Projected Unit Credit Method and real interest rates.
Defined benefit pension costs and the present value of defined benefit obligations are calculated at the reporting date by the schemes’ actuaries using the Projected Unit Credit Method. The net charge to the income statement mainly comprises the current service cost, plus the unwinding of the discount rate on plan liabilities, less the expected return on plan assets, and is presented in operating expenses. Past service costs are charged immediately to the income statement to the extent that the benefits have vested, and are otherwise recognised on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits vest. Actuarial gains and losses comprise experience adjustments (the effects of differences between the previous actuarial assumptions and what has actually occurred), as well as the effects of changes in actuarial assumptions. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in other comprehensive income in the period in which they arise.
Deferral of fees paid and received on the origination of loans and other effective interest rate adjustments
From 1 January 2007, loan origination fees are required to be deferred and amortised over the life of the loan on a straight line basis. Prior to 2007, loan origination fees were recognised up-front.
Effective interest rate method is used for the recognition of fees and expenses received or paid that are directly attributable to the origination of a loan and for other transaction costs, premiums or discounts.
Loan impairment charges and other differences in presentation under IFRS
Loan impairment charges are calculated following the rules issued by the Mexican Ministry of Finance and the National Banking and Securities Commission. Such rules establish methodologies for determining the amount of provision for each type of loan.
Impairment losses on collectively assessed loans are calculated as follows:
- When appropriate empirical information is available, the Bank utilises roll rate methodology. This methodology employs statistical analysis of historical data and experience of delinquency and default to estimate the amount of loans that will eventually be written off as a result of events occurring before the balance sheet date which the Bank is not able to identify on an individual loan basis, and that can be reliably estimated.
- In other cases, loans are grouped together according to their credit risk characteristics for the purpose of calculating an estimated collective loss.
Impairment losses on individually assessed loans are calculated by discounting the expected future cash flows of a loan at its original effective interest rate, and comparing the resultant present value with the loans current carrying value.
Recognition of present value of in-force long-term life insurance contracts
The present value of future earnings is not recognised. Premiums are accounted for on a received basis and reserves are calculated in accordance with guidance as set out by the Insurance Regulator (Comisión Nacional de Seguros y Fianzas).
A value is placed on insurance contracts that are classified as long-term insurance business and are in-force at the balance sheet date. The present value of in-force long-term insurance business is determined by discounting future earnings expected to emerge from business currently in force using appropriate assumptions in assessing factors such as recent experience and general economic conditions.
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