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Chinese manufacturers enjoyed a strong end to the year with operating conditions improving at the fastest rate for 19 months, according to HSBC's latest Purchasing Managers' Index.

The index, which is seen as a key indicator to the health of the industry, reached 51.5 in December, significantly higher than 50.5 in November. The latest reading is also higher than the Flash PMI reading of 50.9 released in mid-December.

November and December's readings are in contrast to the rest of the year when the index remained below the 50 mark, which illustrates the difference between an industry shrinking or growing.

Over the past 12 months, the average PMI reading has been just 49.1.

A closer look at the components that make up the index reveals the level of new orders has risen for the third month in a row. However, new export orders are down, suggesting it is domestic demand that is helping to keep the industry in positive territory.

Qu Hongbin, HSBC's Chief Economist for Greater China, says that the latest figures look positive for the coming year.

"Such momentum is likely to be sustained in the coming months when infrastructure construction runs into full speed and property market conditions stabilise."

HSBC expects China to enjoy annual growth of about 8.6 per cent in 2013.

The India PMI™ hit a six-month high in December, rising from 53.7 in November to 54.7, after an increase in new orders. There was also strong improvement for manufacturers in Mexico with the PMI™ rising to 57.1 in December – its highest level since April 2011 and up from 55.6 in November.

The intellectual property rights to the HSBC Flash China Manufacturing PMI™ provided herein is owned by Markit Economics Limited. Any unauthorised use, including but not limited to copying, distributing, transmitting or otherwise of any data appearing is not permitted without Markit's prior consent. Markit shall not have any liability, duty or obligation for or relating to the content or information ("data") contained herein, any errors, inaccuracies, omissions or delays in the data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. In no event shall Markit be liable for any special, incidental, or consequential damages, arising out of the use of the data. Purchasing Managers' Index™ and PMI™ are trade marks of Markit Economics Limited, HSBC use the above marks under license. Markit and the Markit logo are registered trade marks of Markit Group Limited.

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